[vc_row type=”in_container” scene_position=”center” text_color=”dark” text_align=”left” overlay_strength=”0.3″][vc_column column_padding=”no-extra-padding” column_padding_position=”all” background_color_opacity=”1″ background_hover_color_opacity=”1″ width=”1/2″][vc_column_text]A New Industrial Revolution Is Coming: Are We Ready?

The new wave of economic progression, especially in the tech industry, is projected to take Asia by storm and transform the way we live. Many economists and publications have predicted that there will be a huge influx of investment in the tech industry, especially in Southeast Asia. In fact, it is already happening right now. This is a great thing for the labour market, as it promises many job opportunities. The question is: Are the people in the region well-equipped to fill in those new jobs when they come in?

Let’s look to Indonesia for an example. Kudo, a Bahasa Indonesia abbreviation of “kiosk for transacting online,” is a technology platform that bridges online e-commerce with traditional, offline retail such as road-side kiosks and small convenient stores that are scattered throughout Indonesia. The app allows users who don’t have credit cards, don’t trust online payment systems or are not tech savvy enough to transact online. The office of Kudo — with its millennial workforce, ping-pong table, open plan seating and inspirational quotes on multicolor walls — could easily be located somewhere in Silicon Valley. Instead, it is located in Jakarta.

This is what the latest industrial revolution looks like in Indonesia, ASEAN and across other emerging markets. New and old technologies seek to co-exist — and businesses like Kudo are finding ways to bridge these worlds. Industries including retail, manufacturing, telecommunications and transport are all seeking to operate with new business models, creating new jobs.

There is only one slight problem: a lack of talent. The 200 or so 20-something Indonesians with computer-science, engineering and business degrees in the Kudo office are a rare breed. In fact, Agung Nugroho, co-founder of Kudo said that there are many young, enthusiastic young people in the region who are very talented—but few possess the specific engineering qualifications that is required by tech companies.

Indonesia not the only country that is facing a potential talent shortage. The World Economic Forum’s Human Capital Index reveals how effectively countries are developing and deploying their human capital. A survey asked CEOs to assess the ease of finding skilled employees in their economy. Business leaders in Myanmar, Cambodia, Laos, Thailand and Vietnam all report severe talent shortages. Indonesia, Philippines and Singapore rank 37th, 35th and 20th, respectively. Fortunately, Malaysia came in fourth place, ranking highest on this indicator among ASEAN countries. This is great news for us, but we need to be wary and keep producing talents.

The World Economic Forum’s Future of Jobs study forecasts that ASEAN’s businesses expect net job growth, with some roles becoming redundant through automation, but offset with a higher number of new roles emerging. In fact, according to our estimates, there will be as many as four new roles for each redundant role, putting the region in a far more positive position than others where technological change may result in net losses to jobs. However, the lack of qualified talent is likely to diminish the job-growth opportunities of the region. While STEM skills will be in high demand, nearly all jobs will require stronger social and collaboration skills. Our local education system might not be doing well enough to equip young graduates with these vital assets.

The solutions to this challenge will require bold leadership and a future-oriented vision, but they are certainly not impossible. It is critical that governments and business act together to co-create a new education and employment ecosystem, one that is designed for a more integrated ASEAN economy. Otherwise, we risk the threat of automation and a jobless future. Collaboration between governments and the private sector to ensure production of talents is a critical issue that needs to be addressed right now.

Reference:

http://time.com/4347339/asean-world-economic-forum/
https://www.techinasia.com/indonesia-online-to-offline-ecommerce-funding-news
http://reports.weforum.org/human-capital-report-2015/ [/vc_column_text][/vc_column][vc_column column_padding=”no-extra-padding” column_padding_position=”all” background_color_opacity=”1″ background_hover_color_opacity=”1″ width=”1/2″][vc_column_text]新经济时代已降临,东盟准备好了吗?

新一波经济发展的时代降临了,本次的新波动着重在高科技产业,预计将在亚洲掀起风暴,甚至改变亚洲人的生活方式!

许多经济学家以及学者都不约而同的预言,未来将会有大量的投资涌入科技工业,尤其是东南亚科技工业市场更是前景看好,而实际上这一个风潮已经在东南亚逐渐扎根了。

随着投资客对东南亚科技市场的大量投资,也为人力市场带来了无限生机,制造了许多的工作机会。

工作机会多固然是好事,但问题来了,东南亚准备好迎接这些全新的挑战了吗?

我就以印尼最具潜力的电子商务企业Kudo作为一个简单的例子,Kudo大胆的采用了“kiosk”方式来发展电子航务事业,什么是kiosk呢?

在了解kiosk之前,我先来解释关于印尼的电子商务市场概况。

印尼是亚洲国家中网络线路最不问题的国家之一,不但网络连线不稳定,网络操作系统更是复杂,造成高达80%的印尼人没有银行账户而无法进行网络交易。

尽管印尼的网络以及智慧型手机日益普及,但大多说印尼人仍不习惯在网路上消费,目前只有不到1%的印尼人会网上购物。

而Kudo这样一个创新企业却大胆的采用台湾、中国以及日本已经风行的kiosk来售卖电子商务产品。 kiosk的特色就是聘请销售员随身携带平板电脑在各大商场对群众进行网络商品推销,而Kudo已经考虑了印尼网络不稳的问题,所以都是以不上线(Offline retails)方式购买商品,让更多不太精通互联网的消费者能够享受到电商带来的便利。

Kudo电子商务公司共同创办人Albert Lucius透露,印尼偏远的物价较首都为高,电子商务在印尼的小型市镇和农村地区极具吸引力。

Lucius解释,印尼二级或三级城市的商品售价偏高,一方面是路途遥远,须由多家业者经手,商家利润、运输与仓储成本层层累计,等辗转到达消费者的手上时已经被剥了好几层皮。

同时,由于运输难度高,偏远的消费者能选择的商品也相对少,Kudo看准了这样的潜在商机,认为若能以较低的价格提供大量多元的商品,必能带动印尼的电商的市场。

要打进偏远地区,最不可或缺的是到处都有的传统家族经营式杂货店。于是Kudo提供平板电脑给合作店主,说明如何操作软体,进而把进货选择有限的传统杂货店变成应有尽有的大型商场,店主则从旁协助消费者浏览商品、提供购物及优惠建议。

等到消费者确定下单后,便由店主代为完成整个网路购物流程,消费者只须将现金支付给店主。照这种作法,无论是Kudo或店主都无需承担仓储压力。 Kudo的平台集合了多家现有网路商店,也与数家印尼大型电子商务公司结盟,包括网路市集Bukalapak、网路时尚商店Berrybenka和团购网站等。

这是最近在东盟风行的电子商务经营模式,也是Kudo的创业精神:为旧的模式寻找新的出路。

这样的创新固然值得鼓舞,但是印尼却有一个最大的问题:人才短缺。

在Kudo公司,20多岁又拥有电脑工程师、资讯工程学系或商业管理的大学生非常罕见,Kudo>创办人之一Agung Nugroho认为印尼本土有许多很有天分的人才,只是大多都缺乏科技公司最注重的专业文凭。

其实不只是印尼面临人才短缺的问题,根据世界经济论坛球人力资本指数报告(The World Economic Forum’s Human Capital Index)对各个发展中国家进行的一项调查显示,印尼、菲律宾、缅甸、柬埔寨、辽国、泰国以及越南都面临严重的人才短缺。

印尼、菲律宾以及新加坡分别在人才榜上各排名第37名、第35名以及第20名。值得欣喜的是,大马在人才榜上占第4名,充分显示大马人才济济。纵使如此,大马还是需要提高警惕以避免步上印尼等国人才短缺的后尘。

《世界经济论坛未来工作趋势》(The World Economic Forum’s Future of Jobs)的研究显示,东盟商界预计就业机会会持续增长,有一些工作将会渐渐被新的工作角色给取代,尤其是科技行业的就业机会普遍被看好,但一个国家若缺乏这方面的人才,将会大大降低就业机会。因为,在未来STEM(Science、Technology、Engineering)的技巧会越来越受重视,与其相关的行业对技术的专业要求也会不断提升,而东盟的教育体系未必能提供每一位相关行业毕业生最精良的知识与技术。

想要改变这样的局面,迎接未来的大趋势,我们需要一位大胆创新以及富有远见的领导者,很可惜,我们正好缺乏这方面的人才。我认为政府与企业应该紧密合作,创造一个最适合发展亚洲经济的新教育体系以及就业系统,要不然,我们将会面临人才短缺的问题。[/vc_column_text][/vc_column][/vc_row]

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