Leaders, did you know that 5 million jobs will soon be lost?未来将有500万个工作消失!

赖彩云 Jessy Lai Chai Yun-unemployment-job-work
[vc_row type=”in_container” scene_position=”center” text_color=”dark” text_align=”left” overlay_strength=”0.3″][vc_column column_padding=”no-extra-padding” column_padding_position=”all” background_color_opacity=”1″ background_hover_color_opacity=”1″ width=”1/2″][vc_column_text]Leaders, did you know that 5 million jobs will soon be lost?

It is no news that innovation often disrupts the status quo and threatens entire industries. When TV first came around, many predicted the demise of radio broadcasting. Later on, economists claimed that the internet will cause the death of the news industry. At one point, e-books also threatened to replace printed books. In retrospect, none of these prophesies came true. However, while none of the older industries actually die out, they did suffer a significant hit.

With the advancement of technology, many experts and researches are predicting massive changes in the economy and labour market by the year 2020.

In fact, the World Economic Forum (WEF) just published a report this year, predicting that artificial intelligence (AI) and machines would fundamentally revamp how the world functions. Due to this, there will be an estimated 5 million jobs lost in the year 2020.

The forum that happens annually in Switzerland collected data from 15 major economic bodies, and interviewed 350 corporations around the world before coming up with this projection.

More specifically, the new age of machines will render 7.1 million jobs obsolete worldwide while creating 2.01 million new jobs, which brings us to the net loss of 5 million jobs.

The most affected group in this fourth wave of industrial revolution are people in the administration line and white collared workers.

The report also posit that the industries facing risk of disappearing in future are: medicine, energy, and financial services. On the contrary, industries that will enjoy significant growth are telecommunications, technology, media and entertainment.

Two things stood out to me particularly:

Firstly, banks are going to experience an “Uber Moment”. This essentially means that almost all of a their transactions are going to move online. Brick and mortar outlets becomes much less necessary, and so will the workers. In the next 10 years, there will be a significant decrease in the number of people employed in the financial industry.

Secondly, women workers face significant threat of being left out in the science, technology, engineering and maths (STEM) industries. Due to their lack of participation, the growth of these fields holds little promise for them.
After reading this report, I began to realise that many industries may begin to suffer a shortage of talents due to tectonic shifts in our economy. As industries die out, waves of unemployment will begin, and economic inequality will worsen.

This is hardly good news for corporations. To change this, governments need to be aware of what is head, and plan the course of the nation accordingly.

How can corporations stand firm in the currents of change? The key is in diversifying your workforce. Employ people of different age groups, ethnicity and gender, solidifying your company’s ability to stand against cultural changes.

There is also a dire need to reflect—is our way of doing things still relevant? How do we change our minds to think in a way that fits the brave new world?

The WEF report clearly states that 65% of children who are entering primary school right now will one day hold jobs that do not even exist today. Continuous training is crucial in ensuring our survivability.
Now is the time to implement changes in our education and training systems. Or else, we risk serious shortage of talents in future, especially in the technology industry.[/vc_column_text][/vc_column][vc_column column_padding=”no-extra-padding” column_padding_position=”all” background_color_opacity=”1″ background_hover_color_opacity=”1″ width=”1/2″][vc_column_text]领导人,你知道吗?未来将有500万个工作消失!

 这么多个世纪以来,淘汰与替代一直是人们乐此不疲讨论以及研究的事情,上个世纪电视刚问世时,人们曾预言广播将会被取代;网络大军力压时代之际,经济学家又预言报业将全面消失;电子书崛起时,专家亦预言纸本书籍面临淘汰。回过头来看,当初专家们的语言全部不成真,但无可否认的是,这些被预言会消失的产业都曾面临衰退。

尤其科技日益发达,科技行业将改变世界,许多研究报告、专家与媒体再次预言,在2020年时,某些产业以及人力将会受到巨大的冲击甚至消失!

世界经济论坛(WEF, World Economic Forum)今年发布的一份报告指出,人工智慧、机器人以及生物科技将破坏目前的商业世界的一贯模式,2020年,将比现在少500万个工作机会!

这一个每年都会在瑞士举办经济论坛,调查了15个世界主要经济体,受访对象涵盖来自全球350家国际企业所得结果。

这项调查发现,全球已经开发的国家将会因为人力的精简化以及机器化而失去将近710万个工作,而新的领域例如新科技、工程以及专业服务领域将创造201万个新机会,一增一减,估计将会有500万个工作机会就此消失。

最有可能受到“第四次工业革命”(工业革命4.0)冲击的将是行政工作和白领上班族。

这份项报告也指出,未来5年很大可能会消失的产业包括,医疗、能源以及金融服务。而5年后大热的工作机会则是资讯、通讯科技、新媒体以及娱乐。

最令我惊讶的数据有两个,

(一)、银行将面临“Uber时刻”(Uber moment)

“Uber时刻”指的是全面电脑化(科技、网络)将成为客户和银行之间的主要沟通“中介”,意味着银行不再需要那么多实体网点,包括在其中工作的人,未来10年,在金融服务业的就业人数将会大大减少。

(二)、多数的女性劳动力可能淘汰出局。

原因在于女性在科学、技术、工程和数学产业的劳动参与程度比较低,这些产业的成长机会女性几乎分不到一杯羹,增加了一个就业机会,在其他产业却可能有20个机会被淘汰。不过女性有机会进入更高阶的管理角色。

看了这份报告,我得到了一个认知,也就是未来企业将会因为现有的行业可能性的消失而面临严重的人才短缺问题,而随着某些行业的消亡,势必会造成大规模的失业潮以及贫富悬殊的问题。

这样的现象,对企业而言,不会是一件好事,而要改变这个问题,首先是国家必须有所意识,并做出行动,在劳动力的转型上进行投资。

企业要如何在快速变化的未来扎稳脚步?成功的关键在于雇佣多元化的劳动力,例如不同的性别、种族以及年纪,如此一来,企业才能多元化的人才来应对

另外,我也必须提醒各位,产业的消亡与增新,也意味着社会必须重新思考现有的教育制度是否合适?是否需要有所调整?

因为WEF报告中明确的指出,现在开始念小学的小孩,有65%未来从行业是目前还不存在的工作,未来的学习培训更是至关重要。

各位,从现在开始投资教育以及成人学习计划是迫切的需要,要不然未来十年,企业将会面临严重的人才短缺,尤其是将会掌握全球命脉的科技方面的人才,更是需要从现在开始培养!

参考资料:

https://www.weforum.org/agenda/2016/01/5-million-jobs-to-be-lost-by-2020/

http://money.cnn.com/video/news/economy/2016/01/21/davos-robots-jobs.cnnmoney/

http://www.cw.com.tw/article/articleLogin.action?id=5073981[/vc_column_text][/vc_column][/vc_row]

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